In 1977, Québec’s National Assembly adopted the Charter of the French Language (Bill 101), which states that all children, except those who meet specific criteria, must be educated in French until the end of their secondary studies, whether in a public school or in a subsidized private school. The Charter does not apply to Quebec’s colleges, universities and non-subsidized private institutions.
Under the Charter of the French Language, children in the following three categories may be enrolled in English-language schools:
- Children who are permanent residents of Quebec and who qualify for a certificate of eligibility for instruction in English.
- Children who are permanent residents of Quebec and who are entitled to receive instruction in English under a special authorization.
- Children who are living in Quebec temporarily and who qualify for temporary authorization to receive instruction in ...
A certificate of eligibility is generally delivered to children:
- Who did most of their elementary or secondary studies in English in Canada; or
- Whose brother or sister did most of his/her elementary or secondary studies in English in Canada; or
- Whose father or mother did most of his/her elementary studies in English in Canada; or
- Whose father or mother attended school in Quebec after August 26, 1977 and could have been declared eligible for instruction in English at that time.
The certificate of eligibility for instruction in English is permanent. In other words, there is no time limit after which it expires
Children who are declared eligible under section 73, 76 or 86.1 may pursue studies in French and still transfer their right to receive instruction in English to their children.
Children who are entitled to receive instruction in English under a special authorization fall into two broad categories;
- Children with serious learning disabilities as defined in the government regulation included under section 81 of the Charter of the French Language
- Children admitted to receive instruction in English by the Ministry of Education, Recreation and Sports by reason of a serious family or humanitarian situation, following a recommendation by the examining committee, after assessment by a person designated by the Ministry stating that the child’s situation is not covered under any provision of the Charter.
Children entitled to receive instruction in English under a temporary authorization fall into three broad categories:
First, the dependent children of persons living in Quebec temporarily to study or work, including:
- The dependent children of foreign nationals who hold a Quebec certificate of acceptance or an employment authorization or a student authorization issued in accordance with the Federal Immigration Act, or who are exempted from holding such a certificate or authorization under a statute applicable in Quebec.
- The dependent children of Canadian citizens or permanent residents domiciled in another Canadian province or a territory of Canada living in Quebec temporarily to study or work.
- Second, the dependent children of persons who are not Canadian citizens and who are posted in Quebec temporarily as representatives or officers of a country other than Canada or of an international ...
To have a child declared eligible to receive instruction in English, the parent or legal guardian of the child must apply to the school board or private school where he or she wishes to enroll the child.